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App & Web Development Frameworks Explained

There are perhaps 200 or more frameworks out there, from the small simple ones, to the highly complex and advanced. It has become a jungle to find the best software to help you build your next app or web project, that is why we have made this list.

We will begin by explaining briefly what a development framework is, why people use them, and what types of apps can be created with them.

What is a development framework?
For many years, programmers have been typing their code into simple programs such as Notepad, Notepad++ and various other code editors, saving their files individually and uploading them via FTP or SSH to the server.

This has resulted in plenty of extra work, for instance when someone has overwritten their files by mistake by uploading old files instead of the new ones, and just keeping track of 100’s of different .php .css .js and other files can be tricky in itself.

Then came the first software solutions to help managing all this, there’s IDE control, GitHub and other similar services, but they still had some of the issues, but was a step in the right direction.

When frameworks arrived first, they were slow to set-up, difficult to use and felt very impractical. These days it’s a different matter. Good, solid web and app frameworks today manage version control for you, meaning that you can’t even overwrite your old files by mistake, or if you do, at least there’s an automated backup somewhere you can get. It allows for easy project sharing, meaning that multiple people can work from different places, and see the results in real-time.

There are hundreds of other features that frameworks use, such as quick command lines for fast installation of default projects, boiler templates and skeleton UI’s, all designed to speed up the process of your app development.

Types of frameworks
Just as there are hundreds of frameworks, there are many different types of frameworks. The following list is in no way complete, but offers to serve as a guideline for the many types, hopefully giving you, dear reader, an overview of just how different some of them are.

★ Big Data

★ Embedded app (for Windows, Linux etc)

★ Internet of Things

★ App development

★ Web development

★ UI design

★ E-commerce

For all of these categories, you have to add to that that all the different programming languages, such as:

★ PHP

★ Python

★ Java

★ JavaScript

★ HTML

★ CSS

Finding your next framework

A framework can use any combination of the 2 above lists, and remember that there are more than 300 different programming languages in use today, if not thousands. Therefore it truly is a maze within the jungle when it comes to finding your correct framework.

The good news is that there are several ways of finding candidate frameworks. One way is using tools such as framework directories, finding blog posts about top frameworks and similar ways.

Another way of finding frameworks suitable for your needs, is to ask yourself a few questions:

★ What programming languages do I already know?

★ What is the type of application you want to develop?

★ Do you want open-source or commercial systems?

★ Are you fine with community support, or do you need dedicated help?

Once you know the answers to these 4 questions, you are well on your way to finding the best framework out there. You can then do a Google search for something like:

< Framework +App +Python +”Open Source” > and you should get relevant results.

Conclusion
There is no need to be learning new programming languages in order for you to pick up a framework, regardless of what type of project you are working on. Stick to what languages you know best, and find a framework that works with that. Keep in mind that open-source frameworks often have hundreds if not thousands of contributors and friendly developers that can help you along your way, and at the same time, they have also created free modules you can use to save even more time on your project.

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